Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

FGM is a form of child abuse. It’s dangerous and a criminal offence in the UK.

It comprises of all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genital organs or any other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. FGM is most often carried out on young girls aged between infancy and 15 years old.

Find out more about the signs, symptoms and effects of female genital mutilation:


Honour Based Abuse (HBA)

Honour Based Abuse is a collection of practices, which are used to control behaviour within families or other social groups to protect perceived cultural and religious beliefs and/or honour.

Such violence can occur when perpetrators perceive that a relative has shamed the family and / or community by breaking their honour code.

For young victims it is a form of child abuse and a serious abuse of human rights.

It can be distinguished from other forms of violence, as it is often committed with some degree of approval and/or collusion from family and/or community members. Women, men and younger members of the family can all be involved in the abuse.

Statistics on so called ‘honour-based’ abuse offences, England and Wales, 2020 to 2021


HBA practice guidance

Manual Search

Some organisations who offer advice and support if you’re being threatened or abused and they can also help if you’re concerned about someone else being abused.